NACE/ ASTM G193.
Environmental cracking or environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) is the cracking of a material wherein an interaction with its environment is a causative factor in conjunction with tensile stress [author’s note: tensile stresses can be applied and/or residual], often resulting in brittle fracture of an otherwise ductile material. ref1
Figure 1. Environmental cracking of low alloy steel UNS G41400 (AISI 4140) in 50 g/l NaCl + 4 g/l sodium acetate (CH3COONa) saturated with high purity H2S gas at room temperature and atmospheric pressure.